CELINE is a French ready-to-wear and leather luxury goods brand. It was founded in 1945 by Céline Vipiana. In 1945, Céline Vipiana and her husband, Richard, created one of the first luxury brands in the industry, Céline, a made-to-measure children's shoe business, and opened a first boutique at 52 rue Malte in Paris. In 1960, the brand decided to change its positioning by focusing its business on a ready-to-wear fashion brand for women with a sportswear approach. Henceforth, the brand offered a range of leather goods such as bags, loafers, gloves, clothes. Céline Vipiana remained the designer from 1945-1997. American fashion designer Michael Kors was named the first ever women's ready-to-wear designer and creative director for Céline in 1997. The brand owns almost 150 stores worldwide and is distributed through a selective network including department stores.